We must dig a bit into history to discover why the offside rule exists. Surprisingly, the history of the offside is even older than the game of football – that is, football as we know it today. In the early days of soccer, any game played with the ball on foot (i.e., not on horseback) was called soccer. For this reason, American or Australian football is also called “soccer,” although these games involve more hands than feet. Get more…
However, when using both hands and feet was expected, if the ball were passed to a player, it would be relatively easy for him to score. So roughly, a “no forward pass” rule was in place. I mean, go ahead with the ball. The ball may be passed to a player on the side or behind, but not to a player in front. Then at one time, some Biliti Saeb tried to write down the formal rules of football. Its first version appeared in 1845 at Rugby School in Billet. As a result, this rule was named rugby football. Over time, this league changed slightly to form the game of rugby today.
Rugby and Football
After the appearance of Rugby Ishkul, several other organizations created their football with the sweetness of their minds. One eventually evolved into Australian football, the other into American football. But that is another matter.
Sheffield Football Club was founded in 1857 AD (with the Sepoy Mutiny in India). Soon the Sheffield club wrote down a set of football rules. The rule forbade “catching” the ball with the first hand, although handing was permitted. Since then, they have kept changing the rules almost every year. In 1863, several schools and football clubs formed the English Football Association and wrote a comprehensive set of rules. This new rule of football was called association football. As rugby football was called “rugger,” association football was also called “soccer,” short for “soccer.”
Under these rules, football became a kicking game primarily, although handball was still allowed in some cases. There was no particular position called goalkeeper position. All players had to follow the same rules.
In other words, no player relatively close to the opponent’s goal can touch the ball when a player kicks the ball.
This means that, at any given time, two separate zones are formed, in front of where the ball is (in terms of the player in possession) and behind. Players behind (or next to) the ball can be passed (therefore, they are on), but players in front cannot be given (they are off). And players made running from onside to offside or from offside to onside part of the strategy-tactics of the game.
This is the great grandfather of the offside rule. It means not to give the ball to the player in front. What followed was the addition of various exceptions to this rule.
Later, in 1866 this rule was somewhat relaxed. That is the previous rule, but if there are at least three opposing players between the player near the goal and the goal, then that rule does not apply. In this rule, offside and onside are not only determined by the position of the ball but also by the position of the opposing players is essential.